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An American made motorcycle in production from 1909 to1914, the Pierce Four had a four cylinder 704.6cc engine (43 ci) with a top speed of 60 mph (97km/h).
The Pierce Four was created by the Pierce Cycle Company which formed in 1907, separating the bicycle business from its automobile business. In 1909, the first Pierce Four motorcycle was introduced. A one-cylinder version was later added in 1910.
The engine was the first four cylinder engine produced in America. Significant advances were made on this bike, which included an enclosed drive shaft as opposed to the leather belt drives models had at the time. The Drive shaft also served as a structural component of the frame. The bikes frame design was made with 3 Â½ inch diameter tubes so it can serve its second purpose, as the fuel tank. It has a bicycle pedalling system to start off the engine.
At $350, the 1910 Pierce Four was a costly alternative to the other motorcycles of the time, the price even rose further to $400 2 years later. The company was unable to recoup its investment despite the higher cost, going defunct in 1913. Only 3,500 total Pierce Four's were made during the 5 years of production.
The bike can be seen on display at the Otis Chandler Museum of Transportation and Wildlife in Oxnard, California.